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NEUROLOGY

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SPINAL CORD INJURY (SCI)

It is damage to the spinal cord that causes temporary or permanent changes in its function. Symptoms may include loss of muscle function, sensation, or autonomic function in the parts of the body served by the spinal cord below the level of the injury. Injury can occur at any level of the spinal cord and can be complete injury, with a total loss of sensation and muscle function, or incomplete, meaning some nervous signals are able to travel past the injured area of the cord. Depending on the location and severity of damage, the symptoms vary, from numbness to paralysis to incontinence.

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Peripheral nerve injury

Peripheral nerve injury or disease can cause symptoms of pain, dysesthesias, and either partial or complete loss of sensory and motor function. Peripheral nerves carry information to the muscles to initiate movements as well as transporting sensory information back from the extremities and other tissues to the spinal cord and brain. When injured, they distort or interrupt the messages between the brain and the rest of the body. Peripheral nerve injuries are mainly of 3 types i.e. Stretch Related, Laceration or Compression. For example Carpel Tunnel Syndrome, Cubital Tunnel Syndrome, Radial Nerve Palsy, Axial Nerve Palsy, Ulnar Nerve Palsy, Peroneal Nerve Palsy and Brachial Palsy etc.

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Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

It is the medical term for a stroke. A stroke is when blood flow to a part of your brain is stopped either by a blockage or the rupture of a blood vessel. There are important signs of a stroke that you should be aware of and watch out for. There are two main types of cerebrovascular accident, or stroke: an ischemic stroke is caused by a blockage; a hemorrhagic stroke is caused by the rupture of a blood vessel. Both types of stroke deprive part of the brain of blood and oxygen, causing brain cells to die.

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Any kind of paralysis

Any kind of paralysis involving quadriplegia, paraplegia, hemiplegia or monoplegia due to CVA, Spinal cord injury.

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Bell's palsy

Bell's palsy causes sudden, temporary weakness in your facial muscles. This makes half of your face appear to droop. Your smile is one-sided, and your eye on that side resists closing. Symptoms usually start to improve within a few weeks, with complete recovery in about six months

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Parkinson's disease

It is a progressive nervous system disorder that affects movement. Symptoms start gradually, sometimes starting with a barely noticeable tremor in just one hand. Tremors are common, but the disorder also commonly causes stiffness or slowing of movement.

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Diabetic neuropathy

It is a type of nerve damage that can occur if you have diabetes. High blood sugar (glucose) can injure nerves throughout your body. Diabetic neuropathy most often damages nerves in your legs and feet. Depending on the affected nerves, symptoms of diabetic neuropathy can range from pain and numbness in your legs and feet to problems with your digestive system, urinary tract, blood vessels and heart. Some people have mild symptoms. But for others, diabetic neuropathy can be quite painful and disabling.

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