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Geriatric

First category is the problems that happen because the patient simply does not use their limbs or does not exercise. Second category geriatric physiotherapy deals with is cardiovascular disease, like heart disease and stroke. The third category is skeletal problems. Geriatric physiotherapy helps people who have these disorders, such as osteoporosis and osteoarthritis

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Arthritis

It is very common but is not well understood. Actually, “arthritis” is not a single disease; it is an informal way of referring to joint pain or joint disease. Common arthritis joint symptoms include swelling, pain, stiffness and decreased range of motion. Symptoms may come and go. They can be mild, moderate or severe. They may stay about the same for years, but may progress or get worse over time. Severe arthritis can result in chronic pain, inability to do daily activities and make it difficult to walk or climb stairs.

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Osteoporosis

It is a disease in which bones deteriorate or become brittle and fragile due to low bone mass and bone tissue loss. The condition is often referred to as a “silent disease” because you cannot feel your bones getting weaker, and many people don't even know they have the condition until after they break a bone. Osteoporosis increases the risk of fractures, particularly of the hips, spine, and wrists.

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Alzheimer’s disease

It is an irreversible, progressive brain disorder that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills, and eventually the ability to carry out the simplest tasks. In most people with Alzheimer’s, symptoms first appear in their mid-60s. Alzheimer’s is the most common cause of dementia among older adults. Dementia is the loss of cognitive functioning—thinking, remembering, and reasoning—and behavioral abilities to such an extent that it interferes with a person’s daily life and activities.

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Total joint replacement

It is a surgical procedure in which parts of an arthritic or damaged joint are removed and replaced with a metal, plastic or ceramic device called a prosthesis. The prosthesis is designed to replicate the movement of a normal, healthy joint. Hip and knee replacements are the most commonly performed joint replacements, but replacement surgery can be performed on other joints, as well, including the ankle, wrist, shoulder, and elbow. Balance Disorders:

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Urinary incontinence

It is the loss of bladder control and common and often embarrassing problem. The severity ranges from occasionally leaking urine when you cough or sneeze to having an urge to urinate that's so sudden and strong you don't get to a toilet in time. It can be of Stress incontinence, Urge incontinence, Overflow incontinence, Functional incontinence or Mixed incontinence.

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Balance Disorders

Balance Disorders are common in older adults and are a major cause of falls in this population. Symptoms of balance disorders including 'unsteadiness', 'dizziness and vertigo' are common in the elderly and commonly found in general practice in medicine. They are associated with increased morbidity and mortality, as well as reduced level of function. Common causes include arthritis and orthostatic hypotension; however, most gait and balance disorders involve multiple contributing factors. Most changes in gait are related to underlying medical conditions and should not be considered an inevitable consequence of aging.

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General weakness at old age

Aging, even in healthy elderly people, is accompanied by a reduction in muscle mass and muscle strength. The gradual loss of muscle strength (below a certain threshold) results in functional impairment, the need for assistance in the performance of daily activities, and an increased risk of falling and non-vertebral fractures. Therefore, the preservation of muscle strength in the elderly is of major importance.

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